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Bladder Dysfunction

Incontinence is not a normal consequence of aging!

You do not need to continue to live with the embarrassment or fear of leaking anymore. Many women will start to withdraw from activities with their children, social events, and exercise because of leakage. Physical Therapy can help give you control over your bladder again, save money and embarrassment by allowing less use of pads and undergarments, reduce use of medications for incontinence, and possibly prevent the need for surgery.

How can Physical Therapy help?

Because many symptoms of urinary incontinence are caused by pelvic floor muscle weakness and dysfunction, a specially trained Women’s Health Physical Therapist is the ideal provider to help you gain control over your symptoms. (We treat men with urinary incontinence as well).

Physical Therapy treatment may include:

  • Education on diet and nutrition to avoid food and drinks that may irritate the bladder
  • Advice on how to change behaviors that make symptoms worse
  • Techniques to help you find the right muscles and learn to use them correctly
  • Pelvic floor exercises to strengthen the pelvic muscles
  • Exercises to stretch and strengthen other important muscles
  • Ways to decrease urinary urge and frequency
  • Biofeedback that shows you how your muscles are working
  • Electrical stimulation to improve awareness and strength of the muscles

Who Should be Referred to Avila Physical Therapy for Women’s Health?

Those with:

  • Trouble leaking urine during normal daily activities
  • Urine leakage with sneezing, coughing, or laughing
  • Trouble starting the urine stream
  • Trouble holding urine when feeling a strong urge to go
  • Trouble with frequent urination (more than every 3-4 hours during the day, up more than once to urinate at night)
  • Trouble getting to the bathroom because of other problems such as knee or hip pain or balance problems

What is Urinary Incontinence?

There are several types of urinary incontinence, but in general incontinence refers to the leakage of urine at inappropriate times.

Stress incontinence is leakage of small amounts of urine when there is increased pressure on the bladder. This can happen with exercise or with sneezing, coughing, lifting or other activities. Stress incontinence usually results from weakness and lack of support in the muscles of the pelvic floor. These are the muscles that attach to the bottom of the pelvic bones and run front to back, forming a bowl-like structure that lifts to support the internal organs and controls the sphincter muscles. The pelvic floor muscles also work to strengthen the low back, stabilize the pelvic bones, and help with sexual function. Women with stress incontinence often have “underactive” pelvic floor muscles. Causes of underactive pelvic floor muscles include:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Injury or trauma
  • Vaginal or rectal surgery
  • Episiotomy (during childbirth)
  • Lack of exercise and lack of use
  • Hormonal changes

Urge incontinence is the leakage of small, medium, or large amounts of urine when a person feels a sudden strong urge to urinate. Women with urge incontinence often have weak and “overactive” pelvic floor muscles.

Functional Incontinence is urine leakage that occurs when a person cannot get to the toilet in time. Functional incontinence can be caused by:

  • Joint pain or muscle weakness
  • Problems with mobility
  • Confusion, dementia or delirium
  • Environmental barriers (i.e., the bathroom is too far away, use of a walker or cane, too many obstacles to navigate around)
  • Psychological problems such as depression or anger